Pediatric reference values

[raw]

* Acid Base Indicators

* Acids and Alkali

* Aging and Senescence

* Amino Acids – Feature

* Amino Acids – Structure

* Amniotic Fluid

* Base units (SI)

* Blood Indicators

* Buffer Mixtures

* Cell Animations

* Cell Image Gallery

* Cell Mentor

* Cell Spnapshots

* Cell Video Archives

* Cerebrospinal Fluid

* Enzymes
* Gastric Fluid

* Gene Nomenclature

* Genetic Code

* Greek Alphabet

* Heart EKGs

* Heart Sounds

* Hematologic Indicators

* Human CDs

* Human Non-CDs

* Ideal Weights and Heights

* Journals

* Libraries

* Mouse Primers

* Nomogram

* Pediatric Reference Values

* Periodic Table
* Physiologic Solutions

* Prefixes

* Restriction Enzymes

* Seminal Fluid Indicators

* SI Derived Units

* Species Abbreviations

* Stool Indicators

* Sweat Indicators
* Synovial Fluid Indicators

* Temperature Conversions

* Tris Buffer

* Tumor Atlas

* Urine Indicators

* Weights and Measures










































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































S†-Acid phosphatase


  • Newborn


7.4 – 19.4 U/L


 

 


  • 2-13 years


6.4 – 15.2 U/L


 

 


S-Aldolase


  • Newborn


To 4 x adult value


 

 


  • Child


To 2 x adult value


 

 


S-Alkaline phosphatase


  • Newborn


40 – 300 U/L


 

 


  • Child


60 – 270 U/L


 

 


S-a-fetoprotein


  • Newborn


Up to 100 mg/L


 

 


  • 2 week


Undetectable


 

 


S-Amylase


  • Newborn


Little, if any, amylase activity


 

 


  • 1 year


Adult values


 

 


S-Aspartate aminotransferase


  • Newborn


16 – 74 U/L


 

 


  • 1 – 3 years


6 – 30 U/L


 

 


S-Bilirubin


  • Newborn


 

 


 

 


 

 


Preterm


Full-term


  • 24 h


17-103 µmol/L (10-60 mg/L)


34-103 µmol/L (20-60 mg/L)


  • 48 h


103-137 µmol/L (60-80 mg/L)


103-120 µmol/L (60-70 mg/L)


  • 3 – 5 d


171-257 µmol/L (100-150 mg/L)


68-205 µmol/L (40-120 mg/L)


S-Calcium


  • Preterm, first week


1.50-2.50 mmol/L (60-100 mg/L)


 

 


  • Full-term, first week


1.75-3.00 mmol/L (70-120 mg/L)


 

 


  • 1-2 years


2.50-3.00 mmol/L (100-120 mg/L)


 

 



  • 2-16 years


 

2.25-2.87 mmol/L (90-115 mg/L)


 

 


U†-Catecholamines


 

 


Norepinephrine


Epinephrine


  • 1 year


 

30-90 nmol/d (5.4-15.9 µg/d)


 

1-23 nmol/d (0.1-4.3 µg/d)


  • 1 – 5 years


 

50-180 nmol/d (8.1-30.8 µg/d)


4-50 nmol/d (0.8-9.1 µg/d)


  • 6 – 15 years


110-420 nmol/d (19.0-71.1 µg/d)


7-339 nmol/d (1.3-10.5 µg/d)


  • >15 years


 

200-510 nmol/d (34.4-87.0 µg/d)


19-72 nmol/d (3.5-13.2 µg/d)


U-Chloride (varies with chloride intake)


  • Infant


1.7-8.5 mmol/d


 

 


  • Child


17-34 mmol/d


 

 


S-Cholesterol


  • Cord blood


1.2-2.5 mmol/L (460-980 mg/L)


 

 


  • 1 – 2 years


1.8-4.9 mmol/L (700-1900 mg/L)


 

 


  • 2 – 16 years


3.5-6.5 mmol/L (1350-2500 mg/L)


 

 


U-Cortisol (free)


  • 4 mo – 10 year


6-74 nmol/d (2-27 µg/d)


 

 


  • 11 – 20 years


2-152 nmol/d (0.7-55 µg/d)


 

 


S-Creatine kinase


  • Newborn


3 x adult values


 

 


  • 3 weeks – 3 months


1.5 x adult values


 

 


  • >1 year


At adult values


 

 


S-Creatinine (Upper reference value)


  • Up to 5 years


44 µmol/L (5.0 mg/L)


 

 


  • Up to 6 years


53 µmol/L (6.0 mg/L)


 

 


  • Up to 7 years


62 µmol/L (7.0 mg/L)


 

 


  • Up to 8 years


71 µmol/L (8.0 mg/L)


 

 


  • Up to 9 years


80 µmol/L (9.0 mg/L)


 

 


  • Up to 10 years


88 µmol/L (10.0 mg/L)


 

 


  • >10 years


106 µmol/L (12.0 mg/L)


 

 


S-Estradiol


  • 0 – 2 years


0-26 pmol/L (0-7 pg/mL)


 

 


  • 2 – 4 years


0-26 pmol/L (0-7 pg/mL)


 

 


  • 4 – 6 years


0-51 pmol/L (0-14 pg/mL)


 

 



  • 6 – 8 years


0-37 pmol/L (0-10 pg/mL)


 

 


  • 8 – 10 years


0-367 pmol/L (0-100 pg/mL)


 

 


  • 10 – 12 years


0-367 pmol/L (0-100 pg/mL)


 

 


  • 12 – 14 years


0-367 pmol/L (0-100 pg/mL)


 

 


  • 14 – 16 years


26-385 pmol/L (7-105 pg/mL)


 

 


  • 16 – 26 years


26-1175 pmol/L (7-320 pg/mL)


 

 


Fecal Fat


  • Pre-term Newborn


Up to 0.40 excreted


 

 


  • Full-term Newborn


Up to 0.20 excreted


 

 


  • 3 months – 1 year


Up to 0.15 excreted


 

 


  • 1 year


Up to 0.085 excreted


 

 


P-Nonesterified fatty acids


  • Newborn


0-1845 mmol/L


 

 


  • 4 months – 10 years


300-1100 mmol/L


 

 


S-Glucose


  • Preterm Newborn


1.1-3.6 mmol/L (200-656 mg/L)


 

 


  • Full-term Newborn


1.1-6.1 mmol/L (200-1100 mg/L)


 

 


  • Child


3.3-5.8 mmol/L (600-1050 mg/L)


 

 


S-g-Glutamyltransferase


  • Premature Newborn


56-233 U/L


 

 


  • Newborn – 3 weeks


10 – 103 U/L


 

 


  • 3 weeks – 3 months


4-111 U/L


 

 


  • 1 – 5 years


2-23 U/L


 

 


  • 6 – 15 years


2-23 U/L


 

 


  • 16 years – adult


2-23 U/L


 

 


S-Haptoglobin


  • Newborn


Detectable haptoglobin in only


 

 


  • 1 year and older


0.1-0.2 at adult values


 

 


S-Immunoglobulin IgG


  • 0.5 weeks


7500-15,000 mg/L


 

 


  • 6 months


1500-7000 mg/L


 

 


  • 1 year


1400-10,300mg/L


 

 



  • 5 years


3700-15,000 mg/L


 

 


  • 10 years


4400-15,500 mg/L


 

 


S-Immunoglobulin IgA


  • 0 – 5 weeks


None


 

 


  • 6 months


200-1300 mg/L


 

 


  • 1 year


200-1300 mg/L


 

 


  • 5 years


300-2000 mg/L


 

 


  • 10 years


500-2300 mg/L


 

 


S-Immunoglobulin IgM


  • 0 – 5 weeks


<200 mg/L


 

 


  • 6 months


300-600 mg/L


 

 


  • 1 year


300-1600 mg/L


 

 


  • 5 years


200-2200 mg/L


 

 


  • 10 years


300-1700 mg/L


 

 


Inulin clearance


  • <1 month


29-88 mL/min per 1.73 m2 of body surface


  • 1 – 6 months


40-112 mL/min per 1.73 m2 of body surface


  • 6 – 12 months


62-121 mL/min per 1.73 m2 of body surface


  • >1 year


78-164 mL/min per 1.73 m2 of body surface


U-17-Ketosteroids‡


  • 0 – 3 days


0-0.2 µmol/d (0-0.5 mg/d)


 

 


  • 1 – 3 years


<7.0 µmol/d (<2.0 mg/d)


 

 


  • 3 – 6 years


2-10 µmol/d (0.5-3.0 mg/d)


 

 


  • 6 – 9 years


3-14 µmol/d (0.8-4.0 mg/d)


 

 


  • 10 – 12 years


Male


2-21 µmol/d (0.7-6.0 mg/d)


 

 


Female


2-17 µmol/d (0.7-5.0 mg/d)


  • Adolescent


Male


10-52 µmol/d (3-15 mg/d)


 


Female


10-42 µmol/d (3-12 mg/d)


S-Lactate dehydrogenase


  • 1 – 3 days


Up to 2 x adult values


 

 


S-Phosphorus (inorganic)


 


Preterm


Full-term


  • Newborn


1.81-2.58 mmol/L (56.0-80.0 mg/L)


1.61-2.52 mmol/L (50.0-78.0 mg/L)


  • 6 – 10 days


1.97-3.78 mmol/L (61-117 mg/L)


1.58-2.87 mmol/L (49-89 mg/L)


  • 4 months


1.55-2.62 mmol/L (48-81 mg/L)


  • 1 year


1.26-1.94 mmol/L (39-60 mg/L)


  • 2 – 16 years


0.84-1.61 mmol/L (26-50 mg/L)


S-Potassium


  • Preterm Newborn


4.5-7.2 mmol/L


 

 


  • Full-term Newborn


5.0-7.7 mmol/L


 

 


  • 2 days – 2 weeks


4.0-6.4 mmol/L


 

 


  • 2 weeks – 3 months


4.0-6.2 mmol/L


 

 


  • 3 months – 1 year


3.7-5.6 mmol/L


 

 


  • 1 – 16 years


3.6-5.2 mmol/L


 

 


S-Testosterone


  • 0 – 2 years


0.14-1.28 nmol/L (0-0.4 ng/mL)


0.24-0.62 nmol/L (0.1-0.2 ng/mL)


  • 2 – 4 years


0.17-5.55 nmol/L (0-1.6 ng/mL)


0.24-0.69 nmol/L (0.1-0.2 ng/mL)


  • 4 – 6 years


0.28-1.39 nmol/L (0.1-0.4 ng/mL)


0.35-0.69 nmol/L (0.1-0.2 ng/mL)


  • 6 – 8 years


0.21-9.72 nmol/L (0.1-2.8 ng/mL)


0.52-1.04 nmol/L (0.1-0.3 ng/mL)


  • 8 – 10 years


0.31-1.74 nmol/L (0.1-0.5 ng/mL)


0.69-1.39 nmol/L (0.2-0.4 ng/mL)


  • 10 – 12 years


0.29-10.06 nmol/L (0.1-2.9 ng/mL)


0.69-1.74 nmol/L (0.2-0.5 ng/mL)


  • 12 – 14 years


0.17-26.37 nmol/L (0-7.6 ng/mL)


1.04-2.43 nmol/L (0.3-0.7 ng/mL)


  • 14 – 16 years


3.12-19.43 nmol/L (0.9-5.6 ng/mL)


1.21-3.30 nmol/L (0.3-1.0 ng/mL)


  • 16 – 18 years


9.02-25.33 nmol/L (2.6-7.3 ng/mL)


1.39-3.30 nmol/L (0.4-1.0 ng/mL)


  • 18 – 20 years


13.88-24.98 nmol/L (4.0-7.2 ng/mL)


1.39-3.30 nmol/L (0.4-1.0 ng/mL)


  • 20 – 25 years


11.80-38.86 nmol/L (3.4-11.2 ng/mL)


1.39-3.30 nmol/L (0.4-1.0 ng/mL)


S-Thyroxine


  • 1 – 3 days


142-296 nmol/L (11.0-23.0 µg/dL)


  • 1 week – 1 month


116-232 nmol/L (9.0-18.0 µg/dL)


  • 1 – 4 months


97-212 nmol/L (7.5-16.5 µg/dL)


  • 4 – 12 months


71-187 nmol/L (5.5-14.5 µg/dL)


  • 1 – 6 years


71-174 nmol/L (5.5-13.5 µg/dL)


  • 6 – 10 years


64-161 nmol/L (5.0-12.5 µg/dL)


Information based on Meites S: Pediatric Clinical Chemistry. Washington, DC, American Association for Clinical Chemistry, 1977.

†S = serum; U = urine; P = plasma.

‡ Same as DHEA.

[/raw]