Hematologic Indicators

[raw]

* Acid Base Indicators

* Acids and Alkali

* Aging and Senescence

* Amino Acids – Feature

* Amino Acids – Structure

* Amniotic Fluid

* Base units (SI)

* Blood Indicators

* Buffer Mixtures

* Cell Animations

* Cell Image Gallery

* Cell Mentor

* Cell Spnapshots

* Cell Video Archives

* Cerebrospinal Fluid

* Enzymes
* Gastric Fluid

* Gene Nomenclature

* Genetic Code

* Greek Alphabet

* Heart EKGs

* Heart Sounds

* Hematologic Indicators

* Human CDs

* Human Non-CDs

* Ideal Weights and Heights

* Journals

* Libraries

* Mouse Primers

* Nomogram

* Pediatric Reference Values

* Periodic Table
* Physiologic Solutions

* Prefixes

* Restriction Enzymes

* Seminal Fluid Indicators

* SI Derived Units

* Species Abbreviations

* Stool Indicators

* Sweat Indicators
* Synovial Fluid Indicators

* Temperature Conversions

* Tris Buffer

* Tumor Atlas

* Urine Indicators

* Weights and Measures


















































































































































































































































































































































































































 

 


TYPICAL REFERENCE INTERVALS


COMPONENT


CONVENTIONAL UNITS


FACTOR


RECOMMENDED SI UNITS


ANTITHROMBIN III


  • Immunologic


20-30 mg/dL


10


200-300 mg/L


  • Funcitonal


80-120 U/dL


10


800-1200 U/L


ACTIVATED PARTIAL THROMBOPLASTIN TIME (APTT)


Depends on activator and phospholipid reagents used, typically 25-35 s


BLEEDING TIME


Depends on location and orientation of cut and on particular device, typically 2-8 min.


CLOT LYSIS TIME


  • Euglobulin factor


1 ½ – 4 h at 37°C


  • Whole blood


None by 24 h at 37°C


CLOT REACTION


Complete by 4 h at 37°C


COAGULATION FACTORS


0.50-1.50 µ/mL


1000


500-1500 U/L


ERYTHROCYTE INDICES


 


  • Mean corpuscular volume (MCV)


80-96 µm3


1


80-96 fL


  • Mean corpuscular hemoglobin (MCH)


27.5-33.2 pg


1


27.5-33.2 pg


  • Mean corpusculear hemoglobin concentration (MCHC)


33.4-35.5%


0.01


Concentration fraction: 0.334-0.355


FACTOR XIII (SCREENING TEST)


Clot insoluble in 5 mol/L urea at 24 h


HEMATOCRIT


  • Male


41.5-50.4%


0.01


Volume fraction: 0.415-0.504


  • Female


35.9-44.6%


 


Volume fraction: 0.359-0.446


HEMOGLOBIN


  • Male


14.0-17.5 g/dL


10


140-175 g/L


  • Female


12.3-15.3 g/dL


 


123-153 g/L


HEMOGLOBIN A2


1.5-3.5% of total hemoglobin


0.01


mass fraction: 0.015-0.035 of total hemoglobin


HEMOGLOBIN F


<2%


0.01


mass fraction: <0.02


OSMOTIC FRAGILITY


 


% Lysis


% NaCl-171

Lysis-0.01


Lysed Fraction


 


% (w/v) NaCl


Fresh


24 h at 37°C


 


NaCl mmol/L


Fresh


24 h at 37°C


 


0.2



95-100


 


34.2



0.95-1.00


 


0.3


97-100


85-100


 


51.3


0.97-1.00


0.85-1.00


 


0.35


90-99


75-100


 


59.8


0.90-0.99


0.75-100


 


0.4


50-95


65-100


 


68.4


0.50-0.95


0.65-1.00


 


0.45


5-45


55-95


 


77.0


0.05-0.45


0.55-0.95


 


0.5


0.6


40-85


 


85.5


0-0.06


0.40-0.85


 


0.55



15-70


 


94.1


0


0.15-0.70


 


0.6



0-40


 


102.6



0-0.40


 


0.65



0-10


 


111.2



0-0.10


 


0.7



0-5


 


119.7



0-0.05


 


0.75



0


 


128.3



0


PLASMA D-DIMERS


<200 ng/mL


1


<200 µg/L


PLASMA VOLUME


  • Male


 25-43 mL/kg body weight


0.001


0.025-0.043 L/kg body weight


  • Female


 28-45 mL/kg body weight


 

 


0.028-0.045 L/kg body weight


PLASMINOGEN


  • Immunologic


10-20 mg/dL


10


100-200 mg/L


  • Functional


80-120 U/dL


10


800-1200 U/L


PLATELET COUNT


150,000-450,000/µL


106


150-450 x 109/L


PROTEIN C


0.7 – 1.4 µ/mL


10


700-1400 U/L


PROTEIN S (TOTAL)


0.7 – 1.4 µ/mL


10


700-1400 U/L


PROTHROMBIN TIME


Depends on thromboplastin reagent used, typically 10-13 s


RED CELL VOLUME


  • Male


20-36 mL/kg body weight


0.001


0.020-0.036 L/kg body weight


  • Female


19-32 mL/kg body weight


 

 


0.019-0.032 L/kg body weight


RED CELL COUNT


  • Male


4.5-5.9 x 106/µL


106


4.5-5.9 x 1012/L


  • Female


4.5-5.1 x 106/µL


 


4.1-5.1 x 1012/L


RETICULOCYTE COUNT


0.5-1.5%


0.01


Number fraction: 0.005-0.015


 

 


25,000-75,000 cells/µL


106


25-75 x 109/L


SEDIMENTATION RATE (ESR) (WESTERGREN)


  • Men under 50 years


<15 mm/h


 


 

 


  • Men 50 – 85 years


<20 mm/h


 


 

 


  • Men over 85 years


<30 mm/h


 


 

 


  • Women under 50 years


<20 mm/h


 


 

 


  • Women over 50 – 85 years


<30 mm/h


 


 

 


  • Women over 85 years


<42 mm/h


 


 

 


THROMBIN TIME


Depends on concentration of thrombin reagent used, typically 17-25 s


VON WILLEBRAND FACTOR


  • Immunologic


50-150 U/dL


10


500-1500 U/L


  • Ristocetin cofactor activity


50-150 U/dL


10


500-1500 U/L


VISCOSITY


1.4-1.8 times water


1


1.4-1.8 times water


WHITE CELL COUNT


4.4-11.0 x 103/µL


106


4.4-11.3 x 109/L


WHITE BLOOD CELL DIFFERENTIAL (ADULT)

 

MEAN PERCENT


RANGE OF ABSOLUTE COUNTS


FACTOR


MEAN NUMBER RANGE OF

FRACTION* ABSOLUTE COUNT


  • Segmented neutrophils


56%


1800-7800/µL


106


0.56 1.8-7.8 x 109/L


  • Bands


3%


0-700/µL


106


0.03 0-0.70 x 109/L


  • Eosinophils


2.7%


0-450/µL


106


0.027 0-0.45 x 109/L


  • Basophils


0.3%


0-200/µL


106


0.003 0-0.20 x 109/L


  • Lymphocytes


34%


1000-4800/µL


106


0.34 1.0-4.8 x 109/L


  • Monocytes


4%


0-800/µL


106


0.04 0-0.80 x 109/L


ZETA SEDIMENTATION RATIO


41-54%


0.01


Fraction: 0.41-0.54


[/raw]