Genetic Code

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Genetic Code
Second position
       |      T       |      C       |      A       |      G       |
   ----+--------------+--------------+--------------+--------------+----
       | TTT  Phe (F) | TCT  Ser (S) | TAT  Tyr (Y) | TGT  Cys (C) | T
     T | TTC   "      | TCC   "      | TAC          | TGC          | C
  F    | TTA  Leu (L) | TCA   "      | TAA  Ter     | TGA  Ter     | A  T
  i    | TTG   "      | TCG   "      | TAG  Ter     | TGG  Trp (W) | G  h
  r  --+--------------+--------------+--------------+--------------+--  i
  s    | CTT  Leu (L) | CCT  Pro (P) | CAT  His (H) | CGT  Arg (R) | T  r
  t  C | CTC   "      | CCC   "      | CAC   "      | CGC   "      | C  d
       | CTA   "      | CCA   "      | CAA  Gln (Q) | CGA   "      | A
  P    | CTG   "      | CCG   "      | CAG   "      | CGG   "      | G  P
  o  --+--------------+--------------+--------------+--------------+--  o
  s    | ATT  Ile (I) | ACT  Thr (T) | AAT  Asn (N) | AGT  Ser (S) | T  s
  i  A | ATC   "      | ACC   "      | AAC   "      | AGC   "      | C  i
  t    | ATA   "      | ACA   "      | AAA  Lys (K) | AGA  Arg (R) | A  t
  i    | ATG  Met (M) | ACG   "      | AAG   "      | AGG   "      | G  i
  o  --+--------------+--------------+--------------+--------------+--  o
  n    | GTT  Val (V) | GCT  Ala (A) | GAT  Asp (D) | GGT  Gly (G) | T  n
     G | GTC   "      | GCC   "      | GAC   "      | GGC   "      | C
       | GTA   "      | GCA   "      | GAA  Glu (E) | GGA   "      | A
       | GTG   "      | GCG   "      | GAG   "      | GGG   "      | G
   ----+--------------+--------------+--------------+--------------+----
U = Uracil, C = Cytosine, A = Adenine, G = Guanine
1st Nucleotide2nd nucleotide3rd nucleotide
UCAG

U
PheSerTyrCysU
PheSerTyrCysC
LeuSerSTOPSTOPA
LeuSerSTOPTrpG

C
LeuProHisArgU
LeuProHisArgC
LeuProGlnArgA
LeuProGlnArgG

A
IleThrAsnSerU
IleThrAsnSerC
IleThrLysArgA
MetThrLysArgG

G
ValAlaAspGlyU
ValAlaAspGlyC
ValAlaGluGlyA
ValAlaGluGlyG

Amino acid mRNA codons
3 Letter Code1 Letter CodeFull namemRNA nucleotide triplets (codons)
AlaAAlanineGCA, GCC, GCG, GCU
ArgRArginineAGA, AGG, CGA, CGC, CGG, CGU
AsnNAsparagineAAC, AAU
AspDAspartic acidGAC, GAU
CysCCysteineUGC, UGU
GluEGlutamic acidGAA, GAG
GlnQGlutamineCAA, CAG
GlyGGlycineGGA, GGC, GGG, GGU
HisHHistidineCAC, CAU
IleIIsoleucineAUA, AUC, AUU
LeuLLeucineUUA, UUG, CUA, CUC, CUG, CUU
LysKLysineAAA, AAG
MetMMethiodineAUG
PheFPhenylalanineUUC, UUU
ProPProlineCCA, CCC, CCG, CCU
SerSSerineAGC, AGU, UCA, UCC, UCG, UCU
ThrTThreonineACA, ACC, ACG, ACU
TrpWTryptophanUGG
TyrYTyrosineUAC, UAU
ValVValineGUA, GUC, GUG, GUU
STOPUAA, UAG, UGA