Copyright and Trademark


All rights regarding the reproduction of manuscripts, illustrations, and other materials presented in “Frontiers in Bioscience” are reserved and protected by the laws governing the copyright laws. The copyright laws provide exclusive right for reproduction and distribution of published materials. Apart from any personal use or for the purpose of review as permitted by the Copyright, Designs and Patent Act of 1988, this publication may not be reproduced, stored on microfilm or other electronic, optical or magnetic media or transmitted, in any form or by any means, without prior written permission of the Editorial Office of “Frontiers in Bioscience” in accordance with the terms of the licences issued by the Copyright Licensing agency. However, all individuals are free to access the information in this journal and print it for their personal use. The content of the journal should not be duplicated for purposes other than for personal use. For other uses, please contact the editorial office. The content of this journal or its individual components may not be altered or sold.


“Frontiers in Bioscience” is the trademark of Frontiers in Bioscience, Inc. All rights reserved. Copyright © 1996-Present to the “Frontiers in Bioscience” by Dr S. Tabibzadeh. All rights reserved. No parts of this journal may be reproduced in any form or by any means without the prior written permission of the editorial office of “Frontiers in Bioscience.”