Amniotic fluid Indicators

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* Acid Base Indicators

* Acids and Alkali

* Aging and Senescence

* Amino Acids – Feature

* Amino Acids – Structure

* Amniotic Fluid

* Base units (SI)

* Blood Indicators

* Buffer Mixtures

* Cell Animations

* Cell Image Gallery

* Cell Mentor

* Cell Spnapshots

* Cell Video Archives

* Cerebrospinal Fluid

* Enzymes
* Gastric Fluid

* Gene Nomenclature

* Genetic Code

* Greek Alphabet

* Heart EKGs

* Heart Sounds

* Hematologic Indicators

* Human CDs

* Human Non-CDs

* Ideal Weights and Heights

* Journals

* Libraries

* Mouse Primers

* Nomogram

* Pediatric Reference Values

* Periodic Table
* Physiologic Solutions

* Prefixes

* Restriction Enzymes

* Seminal Fluid Indicators

* SI Derived Units

* Species Abbreviations

* Stool Indicators

* Sweat Indicators
* Synovial Fluid Indicators

* Temperature Conversions

* Tris Buffer

* Tumor Atlas

* Urine Indicators

* Weights and Measures























































































COMPONENT

CONVENTIONAL UNITS

FACTOR

RECOMMENDED SI UNITS


APPEARANCE

Early Gestation

Term


Clear

Clear or slightly opalescent


Clear

Clear or slightly opalescent


ALBUMIN

Early Gestation

Term


0.39 g/dL

0.19 g/dL

10



3.9 g/L
1.9 g/L

BILIRUBIN

Early Gestation

Term


<0.075 mg/dL

<0.025 mg/dL

17.10


<1.3 imol/L

<0.41imol/L

CHLORIDE

Early Gestation

Term

Approximately equal to serum chloride
Generally 1-3 mEq/L lower than serum chloride




1

Generally 1-3 mmol/L lower than serum chloride

CREATININE

Early Gestation

Term


0.8 – 1.1 mg/dL

1.8 – 4.0 mg/dL (generally >2 mg/dL)


88.40


71 – 97 imol/L

159 – 354 imol/L (generally >177 imol/L)

ESTRIOL

Early Gestation

Term


<10 ig/dL

<60 ig/dL


3.468


<347 nmol/L

>2081 nmol/L

LECITHIN/SPHINGOMYELIN

Early (Immature)

Term (Mature)


<1:1

>2:1


1
1


<1:1

>2:1

OSMOLALITY

Early Gestation

Term

Approximately equal to serum osmolality

230 – 270 mOsm/kg


1

1

Approximately equal to serum osmolality

230 – 270 mmol/kg

PCO2
Early Gestation

Term


33 – 55 mm Hg

42 – 55 mm Hg (increases toward
Term)


0.1333


4.4 – 7.3 kPa

5.6 – 7.3 kPa (increases toward
Term)

pH

Early Gestation

Term


7.12 – 7.38

6.91 – 7.43 (decreases toward
Term)


1


7.12 – 7.38

6.91 – 7.43

PROTEIN, TOTAL

Early Gestation

Term


0.60 a 0.24 g/dL

0.26 a 0.19 g/dL


10


60 a 2.4 g/L

2.6 a 1.9 g/L

SODIUM

Early Gestation

Term

Approximately equal to serum sodium

7 – 10 mEq/L lower than serum sodium


1


7 – 10 mmol/L lower than serum sodium

CYTOLOGICSTAINING,
OIL RED O

Early Gestation

Term
NILE BLUE SULFATE

Early Gestation

Term


<10%

>50%

0>20%


0.01

0.01

Stained fraction: <0.1

>0.5
Stained fraction: <0.0

>0.2

Urea

Early Gestation

Term


18.0 a 5.9 mg/dL

30.3 a 11.4 mg/dL


0.1665


3.00 a 0.98 mmol/L

5.04 a 1.90 mmol/L

URIC ACID

Early Gestation

Term


3.72 a 0.96 mg/dL

9.90 a 2.23 mg/dL


59.48


221 a 57 imol/L

589 a 133 imol/L

VOLUME

Early Gestation

Term


450 – 1200 mL

500 – 1400 mL (increases toward
Term)


0.001


0.45 – 1.2 L

0.5 – 1.4 L (increases toward
Term)

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