[Frontiers in Bioscience E1, 306-315, June 1, 2009]
Complications of hypercalciuria
Andrew Schwaderer1, Tarak Srivastava2
1Division or Nephrology, Nationwide Children's Hospital, The Ohio State University, 2Bone and Mineral Disorder Clinic, The Children's Mercy Hospital and Clinics, University of Missouri at Kansas City
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Idiopathic hypercalciuria is a common disorder in children and can present with a range of clinical presentations such as hematuria, voiding dysfunction, flank pain, abdominal pain, nephrolithiasis, urinary tract infection and decreased bone mineral density. In the review below we provide a brief overview of calcium metabolism, types and clinical consequences of hypercalciuria and a brief approach to evaluation and management of hypercalciuria.