[Frontiers in Bioscience 1, e65-71, August 1,1996]
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CAVEAT LECTOR



METHODS FOR ENHANCEMENT OF SPERM FUNCTION

Brijinder S. Minhas1 and Barry A. Ripps2

1 Assisted Reprodutive Technology, The Center for Human Reproduction, 750 North Orleans, Chicago, IL 60610

2 Division of Reproductive Endocrinology, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Florida College of Medicine, Pensacola, FL 32503

5. REFERENCES

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16. B.S.Minhas, Y.P. Zhu, H.N. Kim, B.A. Ripps & J.E. Buster: Platelet activating factor content and release from rabbit spermatozoa is stimulated by progesterone treatment. Fortieth Annual Meeting, Society for Gynecologic Investigation, Toronto, Canada, March 31-April 3, 1993; Abstract P349 (1993)

17. B.A. Ripps, Y.P. Zhu, H.N. Kim, J.E. Buster, S.A. Carson & B.S. Minhas: Progesterone treatment stimulates human spermatozoal platelet activating factor. American Fertility Society conjointly with the Canadian Fertility and Andrology Society, Montreal, Canada, October 11-14, 1993; Abstract 0159 (1993)

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30. W.J.G. Hellstrom, R. Wang & S.C. Sikka: Platelet-activating factor stimulates motion parameters of cryopreserved human sperm. Fertil Steril 56, 768-770 (1991)

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33. M.J.Angle, C.L. Librach, R. Tom & D. McClue: The effect of platelet activating factor on sperm-mucus interaction. In Forty-fifth Annual Meeting, American Fertility Society, San Francisco, California, November 13-16, 1989; Abstract P091. (1989)

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38. W.E. Roudebush, B.S. Minhas, D.D. Ricker, T.V. Palmer & M.G. Dodson: Platelet activating factor enhances in vitro fertilization of rabbit oocytes. Am J Obstet Gynecol 163, 1670-1673 (1990)

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51. W.R. Edirisinghe, J.M. Yovich, J.M. Cummins & J.L. Yovich: Evaluation of pentoxifylline embryo toxicity using mouse IVF/ET. Fertility Society of Australia, Newcastle, Australia, p5 (1988)

52. J.M.Yovich, W.R. Edirisinghe, J.M. Cummins & J.L. Yovich: Preliminary results using pentoxifylline in a pronuclear stage tubal transfer (PROST) program for severe male factor infertility. Fertil Steril 50, 179-181 (1988)

53. J.M. Yovich, W.R. Edirisinghe, J.M. Cummins & J.L. Yovich: Influence of pentoxifylline in severe male factor infertility. Fertil Steril 53:715-722 (1990)

54. J. Tesarik, A. Thebault & J. Testart: Effect of pentoxifylline on sperm movement characteristics in normozoospermic and asthenozoospermic specimens. Hum Reprod 7, 1257-1263 (1992)

55. J.M. Cummins, S.M. Pember, A.M. Jequier, J.L. Yovich & P.E. Hartmann: A test of the human sperm acrosome reaction following ionophore challenge (ARIC): Relationship to fertility and other semen parameters. J Androl 12, 98-103, (1991)

56. J.Tesarik & C. Mendoza: Sperm treatment with pentoxifylline improves the fertilizing ability in patients with acrosome reaction insufficiency. Fertiil Steril 60, 141-148 (1993)

57. J.L. Yovich: Pentoxifylline actions and applications in assisted reproduction. Hum Reprod 8, 1786-1791 (1993)

58. R.J. Aitkin, J.S. Clarkson & T.B. Hargreave, D.S. Irvine & F.C. Wu: Analysis of the relationship between defective sperm function in the generation of reactive oxygen species in cases of oligozoospermia. J Androl 10, 214-220 (1989)

59. Sofikitis N, Toda T, Miyagawa I, Hellstrom W, Sikka S, Dickey R, Rodriguez F, Berger G, Sharhip I, Jacobs M & Mekras G: Application of ooplasmic round spermatid nuclear injections (ROSNI) for the treatment of azoospermic men in USA during 1995. Comparison of the speed of human embryonic development after ROSNI vs intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). Annual Meeting American Society for Reproductive Medicine, Seattle, WA. October 7-12, 1995. Abstract O-180 (1995)

60. R. Morris, N. Gleicher, D. Pratt, A.B. Dudkiewicz, V.C. Karande, S.G. Levrant & B.S. Minhas: Intracytoplasmic sperm injection is only beneficial when fertilization failure is due to sperm defects. Annual Meeting American Society for Reproductive Medicine, Seattle, WA. October 7-12, 1995. Abstract 0-160. (1995)

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